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FLEGT Licensing Scheme

Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Licensing Scheme

The FLEGT licensing scheme applies to timber products imported into the EU from countries which have signed a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) with the EU and have fully implemented a timber legality assurance system.

The establishment of a FLEGT licensing scheme to ensure that only legally harvested timber is imported from countries participating in the scheme is one of the main elements of the FLE​GT Action Plan. Products covered by a FLEGT licence will be considered as having been legally harvested for the purposes of the EU Ti​mber Regulation​.

Indonesia will be the first country to start exporting FLEGT-licensed timber products which commenced on 15 November 2016. Products listed in the Annexes to the FLEGT Regulation will require a licence for import into the EU after this date.

The Licensing Procedure

Under the FLEGT VPA, exporting countries develop systems to verify the legality of their timber exports to the EU and a licensing system to provide assurance that timber imported into the EU has been harvested in compliance with the legal requirements of the partner country, as set out in the relevant FLEGT VPA. Once a VPA partner country is ready to start exporting FLEGT licensed timber, products listed in the Annexes to the FLEGT Regulation EN | M​T will require a FLEGT licence for importation in the EU.

1.  Supplier from Indonesia will send the FLEGT Licence upon order confirmation. Well ahead of shipment arrival to Malta and before submitting the Customs Declaration: 

Create a new licence and input the necessary information on the dedicated FLEGT Licensing System web application (FLEGIT TRACES Gui​de for registering of importing companies or forwarding agents, and the FLEGT Importer User Guide​ for Licence submission.

Upload a PDF document with the FLEGT Licence and the invoice/packing list in Box 2;
Please note that all Licences are to be submitted through the online system. Licenses sent by email or by hand will only be accepted in exceptional circumstances.

2.  The Competent Authority will inform you whether the licence was “Approved” or “Rejected” within ten (10) working days. In cases where further verification of the licence is required, the importer will be informed accordingly.

3.  When submitting the Customs Declaration (SAD), the FLEGT Licence number is to be inputted in the ‘Remarks Box’ and you will be requested to select the appropriate code/statement in Box 44.

4.  A shipment will only be released by Customs when the FLEGT Licence has been approved by the Competent Authority.

5.  For paper products originating from non-wooden or recycled material, these should be accompanied by a formal letter from the Indonesian Ministry of Industry validating the use of non-wooden or recycled materials. This letter should be presented to the Customs Authorities when requesting release of the shipment.

Importers can register for an account on TRACES where a FLEGT User Guide is also available to guide you through the registration process. 

The EU FLEGT Facility has developed an online information point:  ww​​ . The information point explains what FLEGT licences are and how they can benefit businesses in the EU as well as timber producers in countries outside the EU. It provides answers to dozens of frequently asked questions that cover everything from the basics to complex trade scenarios and how to report any problems.​

Codes and Statements for Box 44 in the Customs Declaration

CITES C 400"CITES" certificate

FLEGT C 690, “FLEGT import licence for timber” (When a FLEGT Licence applies)

C 630, "Documentary evidence issued by the customs authority of the dispatch country partner in a FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) showing that the shipment travelled through the territory under customs supervision and left it in the same form whilst retaining its origin

C 631 "Formal letter validating the use of non-wooden or recycled materials for paper products, issued by the Ministry of Industry of the VPA partner country from which the paper products are originating"

Y 057 "Goods not requiring the presentation of a FLEGT import licence for timber"

Y 061 "Timber and timber products originating in a country partner in a FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA), and dispatched to EU from that same country"

Y 067 "Timber and timber products dispatched to EU from a country not partner in a FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA)"

Y 064 "Timber and timber products originating in or dispatched from a country partner in a FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA), but exempted from the requirements of the FLEGT licensing scheme because they were exported prior to the entry into force of the VPA" (select this if shipment left Indonesia before 15 November 2016)


 ​Product Scope

Products requiring a licence are defined by the Harmonised Commodity Codes as listed in the Annexes to the FLEGT Regulation as follows:

Annex II - products to which licences are required from all partner countries. Annex II to the FLEGT Regulation

Annex III – products which apply to a specific partner country. As amended in Commission Delegated Regulation.

 A combined product list that will apply for Indonesia can be downloaded here​. The list includes also products which are prohibited from export under Indonesian law. 

Voluntary Partnership Agreements 

VPAs are a key element of the EU FLEGT Action Plan to ensure that only legally harvested timber is imported into the EU from third countries agreeing to take part in this scheme. A VPA is a bilateral trade agreement between the EU and a timber-exporting country outside the EU. While it is a voluntary scheme for timber-exporting countries, once it has entered into force it is legally binding on both sides.

The aim of these agreements is to guarantee that any timber exported from the partner country to the EU comes from legal sources, and to help stop illegal logging by improving forest governance and regulation. VPAs progress through four phases:  Preparation, negotiation, ratification and implementation, and FLEGT licensing. 


One third (by value) of the EU's tropical timber imports comes from Indonesia and the EU buys 11% of timber products and paper exported from the country. The European Commission has amended the EU Forest LawEnforcement, Governance and Trade Regulation (FLEGT) to recognise Indonesia’s licensing scheme for exports of verified legal timber to the EU.

The delegated regulation amends the FLEGT Regulation to include Indonesia and its Licensing Information Unit under the list of ‘Partner countries and their designated licensing authorities’. It now also includes Indonesian products covered by the FLEGT licensing scheme in the list of ‘Timber products to which the FLEGT licensing scheme applies only in relation to the corresponding partner countries’.

The delegated regulation will enter into application on 15 November, making this the start date for Indonesia to begin issuing FLEGT licences. The EU-Indonesia Joint Implementation Committee will announce the date for FLEGT licensing to begin when it meets on 15 September. 

The FLEGT VPA between the EU and the Republic of Indonesia entered into force on 1 May 2014. The Agreement establishes the framework, institutions and systems of the FLEGT licensing scheme for Indonesia. It sets out the supply chain controls, legal compliance framework and independent audit requirements of the system, termed the Timber Legality Assurance System (TLAS). The Agreement covers a wide range of exported timber products. 

Legal Basis​

Council Regulation (EC) No 2173/2005 of December 2005 on the establishment of a FLEGT licensing scheme for imports of timber into the European Community.​​ EN MT

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1024/2008 of 17 October 2008 laying down detailed measures for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 2173/2005 on the establishment of a FLEGT licensing scheme for imports of timber into the European Community.​  EN MT

L.N. 115 of 2015 Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade Licensing Scheme Regulations (S.L. 549.95)​EN MT​​​​​​​​

Additional information:

Fact Sheet​

Frequently Asked Questions​​